Cookies consist of portions of code (computer files or partial data) sent by a server to the user’s Internet browser, automatically stored by that browser on the user’s computer and automatically sent back to the server each time or after the site is accessed. A cookie usually contains the name of the website from which the cookie originated, the lifetime of the cookie (i.e. how long it will remain on the user’s device) and a value, which is usually a randomly generated unique number. At each subsequent visit, cookies are sent back to the website that originated them (first-party cookies) or to another site that recognizes them (third-party cookies). Cookies are useful because they allow a website to recognize your device and have different purposes such as, for example, allowing you to navigate efficiently between pages, remember your favorite sites and, in general, improve your browsing experience. They also help to ensure that the advertising content displayed online is more targeted to a user and his interests.
If you decide to disable cookies, this may affect and/or limit your experience of browsing the Sites, for example, you may not be able to visit certain sections of a Site or you may not receive personalized information when you visit the Sites.
How you can change the settings of your Internet browser to restrict or block cookies. Most internet browsers are initially set to accept cookies automatically, however, you can change these settings to block cookies or to be alerted whenever cookies are sent to your device. There are several ways to manage cookies, so you should refer to your browser’s help screen to see how to adjust or change your browser settings. The user is enabled, in fact, to change the default configuration and disable cookies (ie block them permanently), setting the highest level of protection.
Here below the path to follow to manage cookies from the following browsers:
- Chrome: https://support.google.com/chrome/answer/95647?hl=it-IT&hlrm=fr&hlrm=en
- Internet Explorer e Edge: http://windows.microsoft.com/it-it/windows7/block-enable-or-allow-cookies
- Safari: https://support.apple.com/kb/PH21411?viewlocale=en_US&locale=en_US
- Firefox: http://support.mozilla.org/it-IT/kb/enable-and-disable-cookies-website-preferences
Below is an explanatory list.
A) Technical cookies
“Technical” cookies are essential for the proper functioning of the site and allow users to browse the site and exploit its features (for example, they allow the storage of previous actions or allow you to save your session and / or perform other activities strictly necessary to the operation of the site). They are not used for further purposes and are normally installed directly by the owner or operator of the website. They can be divided into:
– Session or navigation cookies
Guarantee normal navigation and use of the website ( allowing, for example, to make a purchase or authenticate to access restricted areas). These cookies can then be distinguished by their persistence on the user’s computer: those that are automatically deleted at the end of each navigation, are called session cookies. If, on the other hand, they have a longer life span, this is referred to as permanent cookies;
– Cookie analytics
They are assimilated to technical cookies when used directly by the site operator to collect information, in aggregate form, on the number of users and on how they visit the site itself. In other words, they help you understand how you interact with the site by providing information about the last page you visited, the number of sections and pages you visited, the time you spent on the site and each story you encountered while browsing, such as an error message, and help you understand any difficulties you encounter using the site. This information may be associated with user details such as your IP address, domain, or browser; however, it is analyzed with information from other users so that we do not identify one user from another. These cookies are collected and aggregated anonymously and allow the site operator to improve the usability of the site;
– Functional cookies
These cookies allow the portal to remember the choices made by the user in order to optimize functionality. For example, they allow you to remember user-specific settings, such as country selection and, if set, permanent access status. Functional cookies are not essential to the functioning of the Sites, but they improve the quality and the browsing experience of the Sites. If you do not accept these cookies, the performance and functionality of the site may be lower and access to the content of the site may be limited.
B) Profiling cookies
“Targeting” or “profiling” cookies are used to present content that is better suited to you and your interests. They can be used to display targeted advertisements, to publish advertisements tailored to the interests of the user or to limit the number of times the user displays an advertisement. They also help measure the effectiveness of advertising campaigns on the site; the site operator may use these cookies to remember the sites you have visited and share this information with third parties, including agencies and advertisers who may use their cookies to collect information about your activities on the site.
“Sharing” (or social networking) cookies are required to enable you to interact with the Sites through your social account and are used, for example, to express your appreciation and to share it with your social contacts.
An additional element to consider for the purposes of the correct definition of the subject under examination is the subjective element. It is necessary, that is, to take into account the different entity that installs cookies on the user’s terminal, depending on whether it is the same operator of the site that the user is visiting (which can be briefly referred to as “publisher”) or a different site that installs cookies through the first (so-called “third parties”). This second option occurs, for example, if the user visits a page that contains content from a third-party website. As a result, you will receive cookies from these third party services. The website operator does not have control over the information provided by the cookie on third party cookies and does not have access to this data. This information is fully controlled by the third party companies as described in their respective privacy policies. Since these cookies are not directly controlled by the publisher, you must refer to third party websites or to the http://www.youronlinechoices.com/it/ website to revoke your consent, to obtain information on how to delete or manage cookies according to your browser and to manage your preferences on third party profiling cookies.